Quran and Communism
Is it they who would portion out the Mercy of thy Lord? It is We Who portion out between them their livelihood in the life of this world: and We raise some of them above others in ranks, so that some may command work from others. But the Mercy of thy Lord is better than the (wealth) which they amass.
I do not know whether you realised this verse before. If you did, have you ever thought about what is actually referred to in this verse?
The verse begins by referring to those who try/attempt to allocate the mercy of the God and clearly states that some people are rendered superior to the others by means of ranks and then gives the reason of this. When evaluated a little deeper, it is easily understood that the verse has a nature of being a response to the idea of “equal sharing” or “company in property”. I cannot know whether this idea came familiar to you but I know such an idea: Communism!
Surely, it should not be inferred based upon this verse that the Koran suggests “wild capitalism” to human being. Because, the orders of “alms” and “feeding and protecting the poor/voyager/orphan” also exist in the book in which this verse takes place... The meaning of this verse is much deeper than this...
I would like to attract your attention to this part of the verse... “We raise some of them above others in ranks, so that some may command work from others”.
I will not attempt to pontify about the fallacy of communism. Some people may think it is a true idea and the failure of Soviets stemmed from the mistakes in the practice, not in the system itself. This is not so much important. The important thing is to elaborate a little about how it became possible for human being to establish civilization... Only then it can be realised that this simple and robust idea expressed in the verse is the fact that underlies all the achievements of the civilization of human being. Isn’t this fact also the reason that lies behind the failure of Communism? Surely, someone can make them a matter of dispute. Therefore, it is not necessary to attempt to make deep analyses in this matter. Let everyone believes in what they want.
However, the true point which should be focused here is as follows: such an idea is referred in the Koran! Did followers of such an idea exist during the time of the Prophet? So, what people this verse addresses to? If you think exactly what I think, what is it if not a miracle?
As stated by the Koran, sometimes a “favor” may exist in the things which seem “evil”.
Our argument that the lofty God has an aim, such as humans establish civilisation, develop technology, is supported by some verses in the Koran. I quote these verses below:
Then We made the seed a clot, then We made the clot a lump of flesh, then We made (in) the lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, then We caused it to grow into another creation, so blessed be Allah, the best of the creators.
And when your Lord said to the angels, I am going to place in the earth a khalif, they said: What! wilt Thou place in it such as shall make mischief in it and shed blood, and we celebrate Thy praise and extol Thy holiness? He said: Surely I know what you do not know.
In the first verse, after mentioning about the phases regarding the creation of human, the God describes itself as “the most beautiful of the creators”. Regarding this verse, some people asks if there are other creators than the God. The creature the God includes in the category of “creator” like itself is human. Human cannot create from nothing, but, we would better understand what is intended in the verse if we consider the products developed by the use of existing. The God “is the most beautiful of the creators”. Because, The God created a creature that can create. We can infer from this that the purpose of the lofty God is to reveal the creative aspect of human. This verse is the indicator of the fact that the lofty God aims that human establishes civilization and develop technology/arts/science.
In the second verse stated that human is the "caliph of the God". The most important reason of this should be the creative aspect of the human being...
As can be understood from these statements, verses of the Koran have a structure which complements the meaning of each other and something expressed in one verse is explained in another. In a verse, the Koran obviously refers to and unfavorably criticize Communism (for those who know how to review the verses), and clearly demonstrates in both this verse and others all the reasons that lie behind this criticism.
Allah (c.c.) (The God) knows the best.